April 23, 2014

REMINDER: A Heavenly Cardinal Grand Cross April 23/24 With A Vibration Of 13 And Lyrid Meteor Shower Happening At The Same Time. The Veil Is Being Removed.

April 2014
Vibration of 13
written by Nancy B. Detweiler
[source: Pathway to Ascension]

A Heavenly Grand Cross configuration indicates April 2014 as a challenging month, reaching its climax on April 23/24. With each of the four planets involved located in Cardinal signs, the days of procrastinating … of clinging to the familiar … of sitting on the fence–waiting to see what happens, will be over. Cardinal energy initiates action. Rendering this Cardinal Grand Cross extremely powerful is the fact that it is exact–all four planets are located on the 13th degree of a Cardinal sign.
The number 13 contains the 12 and the 1.

Corinne Heline, in her book SACRED SCIENCE OF NUMBERS, describes the energy vibration of 12 as leading to inner strength through many varied experiences. Writers of the biblical text were attuned to the forces of self-mastery within the vibration of 12, especially when in relationship to individuals and locations of high spiritual significance, such as: the 12 sons of Jacob representing the 12 signs of the zodiac … the 12 loaves of shew bread placed on the table in the inner court of the Tabernacle signifying the opportunities for soul growth presented by the 12 solar months of the year … the Temple described by John in Revelation with 12 entrances or avenues of service to humankind. Jesus surrounded himself with 12 disciples to initiate the New Piscean Age–the 12th zodiac sign, which governs the 12th house in which humanity seeks to blend all of life’s experiences during the Soul’s journey on Earth into a meaningful whole. The Piscean journey completes one cycle of 12 and the Soul prepares to begin a New Cycle–the Aquarian Age–with the 1.

Metaphysicians teach that 12 forces grouped in a circle around 1 form a Unity that vibrates to 13, thus 13 contains a mystic formula to the Christed Consciousness. The 12 notes of the chromatic scale are focused on a 13th which sounds the basic harmony of the octave. The book of Revelation vibrates to 13, as does the Woman in Revelation 12:1–“And there appeared a great wonder in heaven; a woman clothed with the Sun, and the Moon under her feet, and upon her head, a crown of 12 stars.”

My own intuitive sense is that this woman describes the heavenly vision of April’s Grand Square resting on the 13th degree of each cardinal sign in the zodiac. In astrology, the Sun represents the Soul; the Moon, the past. Clothed with the Sun, this woman is now functioning on the Soul level, where her motivation centers on “Thy Will, not mine, be done.” She stands on the Moon, revealing that she has conquered her past through the experiences represented by the 12 stars or zodiac signs now adorning the crown of sovereignty on her head.

During our 2nd year of living on NEW EARTH, April 2014–with its focus on the vibration of 13 within the challenging configuration of a Grand Square in Cardinal signs–may feel and be chaotic; but, from the ashes of the Old Earth, the wonders of the New arise!

As a result of successfully managing the challenges entailed within the Grand Square and the coming months of transformation, may each of us become the man or woman who is clothed with the Sun (our Soul). Standing on the Moon (our past) and wearing a crown announcing that by successfully meeting the challenges involved in each of the 12 zodiac sign energies, we qualify to wear the crown of 13– denoting our individual sovereignty in Christed Consciousness!

With the return of the Christ within our consciousness, may we the people–the 12 in Unity with the 1, proceed to co-create our NEW EARTH with Love, Peace, & Abundance for All!

This is the message of the vibration of 13!

************************

BONUS

[source: Astro Shaman]

If you’re ready for revolutionary transformation on an unprecedented scale, then April is your month! The peak of a Cardinal Grand Cross on 4/22 has Mars, Jupiter, Uranus and Pluto forming an amazingly precise geometrical square in the sky — exact to one-third of a degree!

You can use the incredible power of this Grand Cross — the most powerful aspect pattern I’ve ever seen — to turbocharge a quantum leap into the next level of your personal evolution and awakening. You can also hyper-energize your activities in the physical world. It’s time to surf the tsunami!

April 20-23, “Four Days of Supreme Intensity,” are loaded with exact aspects involving the planets that make up the Cardinal Grand Cross. Opportunity abounds for the adventurous!

April also features a powerful Lunar Eclipse (Full Moon) in Libra that strongly aspects all four asteroid goddesses, the Sun’s entry into Taurus, and a Solar Eclipse (New Moon) in Taurus.

Throughout April: Jupiter-Uranus-Pluto T-square
4/2: T-square peaks: Sun-Uranus-Pluto
4/14. Pluto retrograde
4/14. Grand Cross peaks: Mercury-Mars-Jupiter-Uranus
4/15. Lunar Eclipse (Full Moon) in Libra
4/19. Sun enters Taurus
Four Days of Supreme Intensity!
4/20. Uranus squares Jupiter
4/20. Pluto opposes Jupiter
4/20. T-square peaks: Jupiter-Uranus-Pluto
4/21. Uranus-Pluto square (#5 of 7)
4/21. Grand Trine peaks: Venus-Jupiter-Saturn
4/22. Jupiter squares Mars
4/22. GRAND CROSS PEAKS: MARS-JUPITER-URANUS-PLUTO (2014′s most powerful astrological event!)
4/23. Uranus opposes Mars
4/23. Pluto square Mars
4/23. T-square peaks: Mars-Uranus-Pluto
4/29. Solar Eclipse (New Moon) in Taurus

The Story So Far

As April opens, we have five retrograde planets: Pallas Athena thru 4/8, Mars thru 5/19, Vesta thru 5/27, Ceres thru 6/1 and Saturn thru 7/20. And the pervasive energies of revolutionary transformation (a Uranus-Pluto square), as well as universal love, compassion and spiritual awakening (Neptune in Pisces), remain powerful for years to come!

CHINA: Christians in China’s Wenzhou City Form Human Shield Around Church Against Planned Demolition of Several Churches; Religion Is A Threat To The Communist State As Part Of The Marxist Doctrine.


Chinese Christians get their very own Bibles for the first time. These are legit Bibles that had to be smuggled in because the Chinese Communist government only allows government censored Bibles to be used.
[hat tip Christian Persecution News] As Chinese Communist government officials call in bulldozers and firearms [sounds eerily like Obama's federal gestapo raids across America! >:/ (emphasis mine)], Christians in China fight to keep the cross on high. Chinese Christians have organized a 24 hour resistance watch at the Church.

China topix
written by Hao Ren
Saturday April 12, 2014

Chinese officials have denied allegations that they are clamping down on religious activity by ordering the demolition of Christian churches in Wenzhou in Zhejiang province.

But a recent speech by an official of Wenzhou's Bureau of Ethnic and Religious Affairs hinted that the Communist Party is getting uncomfortable with the fast spread of Christianity in the port city, which has come to be known as the "Jerusalem of the East".

Such discomfort has reportedly prompted the city government to order about a dozen churches to be torn down for alleged violations of the local building code.

Taiwan-based China Aid Association

(CAA), a predominantly Christian Protestant missionary group, appealed to the government to cease and desist from implementing the demolitions.

CAA said that thousands of believers attend services at Sanjiang Church, one of the churches set to be demolished, and many will be displaced if the church is torn down.

At least five churches were declared for immediate demolition.

The issue even spread on social media and reports came out saying local government officials ordered all churches to remove crosses at the top of their bell towers.

However, sources from the city government said that the order to remove crosses applied only to churches already sanctioned by the state and does not include unauthorized or underground religious movements.

The same source said that the removal of crosses was aimed at eliminating structures that pose a risk to people's safety.

There are more than a million out of Wenzhou's nine million residents who practice Christianity.

The Communist Party of China remains resistant to any religious movement in any part of the country as part of the Marxist doctrines on the ill effects of religion to society.

In China, religious groups are considered a threat to the exclusive and efficient control of the whole nation by the dominant Communist party.

Beijing partially tolerates the existence or the practice of religion, but only recognizes religious denominations that have been approved and sanctioned by the state. In certain cases, the party even designates the monks, pastors or priests who would lead a certain congregation or parish.

**************************

The Telegraph UK
written by Tom Phillips, Wenzhou
Friday April 4, 2014

Thousands of Chinese Christians have mounted an extraordinary, round-the-clock defence of a church in a city known as the 'Jerusalem of the East' after Communist Party officials threatened to bulldoze their place of worship.

In an episode that underlines the fierce and long-standing friction between China's officially atheist Communist Party [where you must worship the Communist State. (emphasis mine)] and its rapidly growing Christian congregation, Bible-carrying believers this week flocked to the Sanjiang church in Wenzhou hoping to protect it from the bulldozers.

Their 24-hour guard began earlier this week when a demolition notice was plastered onto the newly-constructed church which worshippers say cost around 30 million yuan (£2.91 million) and almost six years to build.

Officials claimed the church had been built illegally and used red paint to daub the words: "Demolish" and "Illegal construction" onto its towering facade.

The threat triggered a furious reaction in Wenzhou, a booming port city known for its vibrant Christian community, said to be China's largest.

Hundreds of people, including elderly and in some cases disabled women, have now occupied the church to prevent demolition teams moving in.

"There are bad people out there trying to damage our church so we must defend it," said Li Jingliu, a 56-year-old former factory worker who has been sleeping in one of its back offices since Wednesday.

"I've come here today to show my support. A church is a sacred place and we are all brothers and sisters." said Jin Yufu, 55, from the nearby community of Wenling. "Christianity has made a big contribution to society in many ways. Thanks to Church we don't smoke, gamble or drink. Christians are good people."

Wenzhou, a wealthy coastal city around 230 miles south of Shanghai in Zhejiang province, has around seven million residents. Local Christians claim as many as 15 per cent of them are church goers, the majority Protestant.

Red crosses and spires still adorn the skyline of a city where British missionaries, including George Stott, set up churches towards the end of the 19th century.

Wenzhou's underground "house" churches – those unwilling to comply with Communist Party rules – have long been subjected to sporadic crackdowns, such as one in 2000 that saw hundreds of churches and temples demolished across Zhejiang province.

However, the Sanjiang church is part of the Three-Self Patriotic Movement, China's officially sanctioned and government-controlled Protestant church, making this week's stand-off highly unusual.

Parishioners believe their church was targeted after Xia Baolong, the provincial Party chief, visited the region and was unimpressed by the prominence of a church built to house thousands of worshippers.

"His behaviour is illegal. He has abused his power. The construction of the church is not against the law," said Wang Jianfeng, a 47-year-old man from a nearby congregation who was among hundreds of people gathered on the steps outside on Friday in a show of force.

Wen Xiaowu, another visitor, said he believed China's president would be "displeased" with his Communist colleagues in Zhejiang.

"Xi Jinping has said society should be harmonious. He is very open-minded about disciples of the Christian church."

Sanjiang's resistance has been organised with almost military precision. A makeshift kitchen behind the altar provides rice, pork and fried liver with leeks for those occupying the church while women hand out bottles of water and satsumas at the entrance.

By day, Christians from around the province crowd the church's steps, with undercover security agents mingling among them, snapping photos and eavesdropping. By night, hundreds of worshippers take it in turns to keep watch, grabbing a few hours of sleep on cramped wooden pews between shifts.

He Hongying, an 81-year-old member of the resistance, said she would stay for as long as necessary. "I slept here last night and I will do the same again tonight. We pulled two pews together so it was quite all right. We feel at peace and fearless when we are with our God."

The dispute over Sanjiang has highlighted the ongoing difficulties facing China's fast growing Christian community. In 1949, when the Communist Party took over, it boasted around one million members. Today, there are thought to be more Chinese Christians than Communist Party members, with up to 100 million mainland believers, according to some estimates.

Life has improved since the days of Mao Tse-tung, who saw religion as "poison" and presided over the decade-long Cultural Revolution when churches were ransacked and burned.

However, campaigners say that while the constitution guarantees freedom of religion, Beijing still maintains a tight-grip on what many leaders see as a potential challenge to their authority.

Members of Sanjiang's congregation said that, under Chinese law, they were only allowed to worship on Sundays. Preachers were required to avoid politically sensitives topics.

During a visit to China last month, Michelle Obama, the US First Lady, hinted at concerns over religious freedom here, telling an audience: "When it comes to expressing yourself freely, and worshipping as you choose, and having open access to information – we believe those are universal rights that are the birthright of every person on this planet." [what she says and what she does are two different things. She's just like her husband. (emphasis mine)]

A woman who introduced herself as a representative of the local government rejected claims the Communist Party was persecuting local Christians.

"They can believe. This is free. We can't control them," said the woman, who gave her name as Zhang Biyao.

Ms Zhang said the church had been illegally built and was structurally unsound. The government wanted to protect "people's safety," she claimed.

Sanjiang's congregation was unconvinced.

Yang Zhumei, 74, said she had pleaded with officials to leave her church alone.

"I held their hands and said, "Comrades, don't take down our cross. I can give you my head instead."

"Even if they take my head, I can still find happiness with God," she shouted.

Li Jingliu, who lost her right arm to an industrial accident and has been a church member for 34 years, said she would not allow her place of worship to be damaged. "I will guard the church until the very end, without fearing hardship or death," she said.

"God will punish those who try to take down the cross."

NORTH KOREA: The Brutal Dictator Kim Jong-un Branches Out Into Smuggling Products Like Ivory From Endangered Species, Fake Cigarette And Fake Pharmaceutical Trade To Fund Its Nuclear And Missile Programs.

Tyranny: Night time satellite image. North Korea pitch black.
This may help us understand why China, Russia and all other Marxist Communist ruled nations defend and support North Korea. Think about it for a moment... they all benefit. North Korea is committing these crimes for them and they can't get blamed. Which leads me to wonder if this also explains why the rest of the world has allowed the North Korean tyrannical brutal regime to exist. And another thing, how the heck is Kim Jong-un smuggling anything in and out of North Korea. This illegal trade has to travel by land, sea or air. So now I'm wondering who is monitoring what's coming in and what's going out of North Korea?! I mean come on, it's a tiny nation. So if North Korea is smuggling by land it has to either go through China which is at its North or Russia which is at its North-East or South Korea which is at its South. My guess would be China and Russia have an open North Korean portal somewhere at their borders strictly for approved smuggling. Now as for the sea, I do know of a huge weapons cache that Cuba was smuggling to help North Korea in a maritime vessel was caught traveling through the Panama Canal last year. Russia delivers weapons to Cuba often. North Korea takes great risk using the sea because of International Maritime Patrols and Port Inspections. If they get caught at sea they lose their entire supply of whatever. So now I'm wondering if private jets are helping Kim Jong-un out with smuggling. Luxury private jets don't get the same scrutiny that a regular passenger aircraft gets. Which means wealthy individuals from around the world are in on this smuggling racket.

***********************

The Telegraph UK
written by Julian Ryall in Tokyo
Tuesday April 15, 2014

North Korea has diversified its business model for earning hard currency, shifting from a reliance on manufacturing drugs and counterfeiting foreign bank notes to smuggling products from endangered species, fake pharmaceuticals and counterfeit cigarettes.

The details of Pyongyang's methods of earning the funds it needs to pay for its nuclear and missile programmes are spelled out in a study released on Tuesday by the Washington-based Committee for Human Rights in North Korea.

The 115-page report says Pyongyang has been producing narcotics and smuggling them abroad through the diplomatic bag and printing high-quality forgeries of foreign currency since the mid-1970s, all part of the Kim regime's "fundamental strategic objective" of self-preservation.

There has been a shift in recent years, however, with the emergence of a privatised market economy that the authors describe as "a criminal one that is feeding off the suffering and deprivation of the population".

The smuggling by North Korean diplomats of rhino horn and ivory also appears to be a more recent development, the report says, with a North Korean citizen arrested in 2012 in Mozambique as he attempted to smuggle 130 pieces of ivory, with an estimated value of $36,000, out of the country.

Similar seizures in Kenya, Russia and France totaled more than 1.8 tons of ivory.

There has been a substantial increase in North Korea's output of counterfeit cigarettes since 2002, with a container of fake Marlboro cigarettes impounded in Singapore after arriving from North Korea via the South Korean port of Busan.

Similar seizures took place in South Africa, Vietnam, Taiwan and the Philippines, while in late 2006, 3 million cartons of counterfeit cigarettes - with a street value of £3.5 million -were found by Greek customs authorities aboard North Korean-flagged ships.

North Korean officials were caught in 2004 smuggling 150,000 tablets of the sedative Clonazepam in Egypt, while embassy employees from Bulgaria were detained in Turkey carrying half a million tablets of the synthetic stimulant Captagon, with an estimated value of $7 million.

North Korea has also been accused of manufacturing fake Viagra pills.

The report claims that North Korean officials have also engaged in smuggling gems over international borders, trafficking in DVDs. smuggling used cars and even selling pornography in Finland.

SCIENCE: Metallic Chrysalis From Costa Rica. Wow Nature Blows Me Away. God's Beautiful Creation...♥

Is that a space pod?

Nope… it's just the cocoon of the Metallic Mechanitis Butterfly Chrysalis from Costa Rica.

Photographer: unknown
[source: What's that Bug]

Silver Metallic chrysalis
Location: Costa Rica
December 19, 2010 9:24 pm
Hey bugman, I’m trying to get an id on this chrysalis. If I had thought about it, I would have just gotten the name from the card sitting on the display. But six months removed from the time I took the picture, I can’t seem to find any info about it. The picture was taken in the butterfly garden at La Paz Waterfall Gardens in Costa Rica. From their webpage, I know the chrysalis came from one of the species listed here – http://www.waterfallgardens.com/butterflies.php. Any idea which it is? Thanks
Signature: Patrick

Dear Patrick,
It would seem that you are in possession of the same information that we would need to search for the identity of your Chrysalis. If we wanted to identify the chrysalis of a butterfly that we knew was represented on a list of possibilities, our course of action would be to search for images of the chrysalis of each of the 39 species pictured on the Waterfall Gardens website by utilizing a search engine. We would definitely eliminate the Swallowtails, Sulphurs and Whites from the first two rows as this is a Brush-Footed Butterfly or Nymphalid Chrysalis. We noticed that the website you provided has individual pop up windows on the species that they picture, but alas, those do not have images of the entire life cycle. We would hope that after searching the remaining 31 possibilities, eliminating known quantities like the Monarch, we might be able to provide an answer. Doing this type of painstaking research often takes a great deal of time. Working our way through the list, we are content that this is the Chrysalis of the Orange Spotted Tiger Clearwing Butterfly, Mechanitis polymnia, the 37th species from the top, based on a photo on the Visuals Unlimited website and one on the PhotoBank website. It is also pictured on the Obsession with Butterflies website. The chrysalis of the closely related Mechanitis polymnia looks quite similar and it is pictured on the Butterfly of San Martín Peru website.

Thanks, I’m satisfied.

Correction Courtesy of Keith Wolfe
December 22, 2010
Daniel, I’m sorry to be a grinch, since you obviously spent a fair amount of time trying to find an ID, but this chrysalis isn’t an Orange-spotted Tiger Clearwing (Mechanitis polymnia)-in-waiting, instead almost certainly being that of a Cream-spotted Clearwing (Tithorea tarricina)*, which is another common Costa Rican ithomiid featured in local butterfly exhibits. The pupae shown in your second and third links appear to be correctly labeled as Orange-spotteds, however, the trio that pop up at the Obsession site are actually Cream-spotteds — note differences in the two species’ shape, patterning, and color. (As I mentioned before, wrong identifications of caterpillars and chrysalises abound on the Web, thus the importance of keeping the Bugman “honest”.) And here’s what Patrick’s Cream-spotted looked like several days earlier:
http://culturalnomad.deviantart.com/art/Striped-tube-146765080.
Best wishes,
Keith
* http://www.tolweb.org/Tithorea/27578

Thanks so much for the correction Keith. It is much appreciated. It is interesting that the Cream Spotted Clearwing is not even represented on the Waterfall Gardens website. Upon receiving your correction, we found an image on FlickR of the chrysalides of the Cream Spotted Clearwing to link to for reference.

Update from Keith Wolfe
Daniel, I just checked and Tithorea tarricina (Cream-spotted Clearwing) is listed by La Paz — reading left to right, 25 pix down.
Cheers,
Keith

Thanks Keith,
Our eyes looked right past it.

SCIENCE: Giant Marble Harvests Energy from Sun and Moon. Very Cool Info! :D

Discovery News
written by Staff
September 18, 2012

It looks like a giant, glass marble. But this globe is no game. It's a sun-tracking, solar energy concentrator created by Barcelona-based architects and, according to the designers, is able to collect not just sunlight but moonlight as well.

The Rawlemon project revolves around a weatherproof sphere that's designed to rotate and follow the sun across the sky. It's so sensitive to light that at night, it can even harvest moonlight and convert it into electricity.

Andre Broessel, the architect and designer, says his spherical, sun-tracking glass globe is able to concentrate sunlight and moonlight up to 10,000 times and that the system is 35 percent more efficient than photovoltaic designs that track the sun. One of Rawlemon's idea is to build these globes into the exterior walls of buildings and use them to generate electricity. For other uses and beautiful images of the globes, click here.

via Design Boom and Inhabitat

Credit: Andre Rawlemon

SCIENCE: 2.7-Million-Year-Old Forested Landscape Discovered Under Greenland Ice Sheet. I Love Nature. It Still Blows My Mind. :)


Sci-News.com
written by Staff
Thursday April 17, 2014

U.S. geologists have discovered what they say is a Pleistocene landscape preserved about 3 km beneath the Greenland Ice Sheet.

“We found organic soil that has been frozen to the bottom of the ice sheet for 2.7 million years,” said Dr Paul Bierman, a geologist with the University of Vermont and the lead author of the paper appearing online in the journal Science.

“The ancient soil under the Greenland Ice Sheet helps to unravel an important mystery surrounding climate change – how did big ice sheets melt and grow in response to changes in temperature?” said co-author Dr Dylan Rood from the Scottish Universities Environmental Research Center and the University of California, Santa Barbara.

The discovery indicates that even during the warmest periods since the ice sheet formed, the center of Greenland remained stable. This allowed a tundra landscape to be locked away, unmodified, under ice through millions of years of global warming and cooling.

“The traditional knowledge about glaciers is that they are very powerful agents of erosion and can effectively strip a landscape clean. Instead, we demonstrate that the Greenland Ice Sheet is not acting as an agent of erosion; in fact, at it’s center, it has performed incredibly little erosion since its inception almost three million years ago,” said co-author Lee Corbett, a graduate student at the University of Vermont.

Dr Bierman added: “rather than scraping and sculpting the landscape, the ice sheet has been frozen to the ground, a refrigerator that’s preserved this antique landscape.”

The scientists tested 17 dirty ice samples from the bottommost forty feet of the 3,053-meter GISP2 ice core extracted from Summit, Greenland, in 1993.

From this sediment, they extracted a rare form of the element beryllium, an isotope called beryllium-10. Formed by cosmic rays, it falls from the sky and sticks to rock and soil. The longer soil is exposed at Earth’s surface, the more beryllium-10 it accumulates. Measuring how much is in soil or a rock gives geologists a kind of exposure clock.

The researchers expected to only find soil eroded from glacier-scoured bedrock in the sediment at the bottom of the ice core.

They planned to work diligently to find vanishingly small amounts of the beryllium – since the landscape under the ice sheet would have not been exposed to the sky.

“On a global basis, we only find these sorts of beryllium concentrations in soils that have developed over hundreds of thousands to millions of years,” said co-author Joseph Graly from the University of Wyoming.

The findings show that the soil had been stable and exposed at the surface for somewhere between 200,000 and 1 million years before being covered by ice. To help interpret them, the scientists also measured nitrogen and carbon that could have been left by plant material in the core sample.

“The fact that measurable amounts of organic material were found in the silty ice indicates that soil must have been present under the ice,” said co-author Dr Andrea Lini from the University of Vermont.

“Greenland really was green! However, it was millions of years ago. Greenland looked like the green Alaskan tundra, before it was covered by the second largest body of ice on Earth,” Dr Rood said.

To confirm their findings about this ancient landscape, the researchers also measured beryllium levels in a modern permafrost tundra soil on the North Slope of Alaska.

“The values were very similar, which made us more confident that what we found under Greenland was tundra soil,” Dr Bierman concluded.

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NASA Science
Production editor, Dr. Tony Phillips
August 29, 2014

Data from a NASA airborne science mission has revealed an immense and previously unknown canyon hidden under a mile of Greenland ice.

"One might assume that the landscape of the Earth has been fully explored and mapped," said Jonathan Bamber, professor of physical geography at the University of Bristol in the United Kingdom, and lead author of the study published in today's issue of Science. "Our research shows there's still a lot left to discover."

The canyon has the characteristics of a winding river channel and is at least 460 miles (750 kilometers) long, making it longer than the Grand Canyon. In some places, it is as deep as 2,600 feet (800 meters), on scale with segments of the Grand Canyon. This immense feature is thought to predate the ice sheet that has covered Greenland for the last few million years.

The scientists used thousands of miles of airborne radar data, collected by NASA and researchers from the United Kingdom and Germany over several decades, to piece together the landscape lying beneath the Greenland ice sheet.

A large portion of this data was collected from 2009 through 2012 by NASA's Operation IceBridge, an airborne science campaign that studies polar ice. One of IceBridge's scientific instruments, the Multichannel Coherent Radar Depth Sounder, can see through vast layers of ice to measure its thickness and the shape of bedrock below.

In their analysis of the radar data, the team discovered a continuous bedrock canyon that extends from almost the center of the island and ends beneath the Petermann Glacier fjord in northern Greenland.

At certain frequencies, radio waves can travel through the ice and bounce off the bedrock underneath. The amount of times the radio waves took to bounce back helped researchers determine the depth of the canyon. The longer it took, the deeper the bedrock feature.

"Two things helped lead to this discovery," said Michael Studinger, IceBridge project scientist at NASA's Goddard Space Flight Center in Greenbelt, Md. "It was the enormous amount of data collected by IceBridge and the work of combining it with other datasets into a Greenland-wide compilation of all existing data that makes this feature appear in front of our eyes."

The researchers believe the canyon plays an important role in transporting sub-glacial meltwater from the interior of Greenland to the edge of the ice sheet into the ocean. Evidence suggests that before the presence of the ice sheet, as much as 4 million years ago, water flowed in the canyon from the interior to the coast and was a major river system.

"It is quite remarkable that a channel the size of the Grand Canyon is discovered in the 21st century below the Greenland ice sheet," said Studinger. "It shows how little we still know about the bedrock below large continental ice sheets."

The IceBridge campaign will return to Greenland in March 2014 to continue collecting data on land and sea ice in the Arctic using a suite of instruments that includes ice-penetrating radar.

Earth Day Co-Founder, Ira Einhorn, Killed, Composted Girlfriend. I Feel It's Important To Show You The Twisted Mindset Behind This Movement And The Climate Change Movement

Ira Einhorn was the master of ceremonies at the first Earth Day rally on April 22, 1970.
PHOTO: Michael J. Maicher / Temple University Librarie

NBC news
written by Remy Melina
April 21, 2011

Ira Einhorn was on stage hosting the first Earth Day event at the Fairmount Park in Philadelphia on April 22, 1970. Seven years later, police raided his closet and found the "composted" body of his ex-girlfriend inside a trunk.

A self-proclaimed environmental activist, Einhorn made a name for himself among ecological groups during the 1960s and '70s by taking on the role of a tie-dye-wearing ecological guru and Philadelphia’s head hippie. With his long beard and gap-toothed smile, Einhorn — who nicknamed himself "Unicorn" because his German-Jewish last name translates to "one horn" —advocated flower power, peace and free love to his fellow students at the University of Pennsylvania. He also claimed to have helped found Earth Day.

But the charismatic spokesman who helped bring awareness to environmental issues and preached against the Vietnam War — and any violence — had a secret dark side. When his girlfriend of five years, Helen "Holly" Maddux, moved to New York and broke up with him, Einhorn threatened that he would throw her left-behind personal belongings onto the street if she didn't come back to pick them up.

And so on Sept. 9, 1977, Maddux went back to the apartment that she and Einhorn had shared in Philadelphia to collect her things, and was never seen again. When Philadelphia police questioned Einhorn about her mysterious disappearance several weeks later, he claimed that she had gone out to the neighborhood co-op to buy some tofu and sprouts and never returned.

It wasn't until 18 months later that investigators searched Einhorn's apartment after one of his neighbors complained that a reddish-brown, foul-smelling liquid was leaking from the ceiling directly below Einhorn's bedroom closet. Inside the closet, police found Maddux's beaten and partially mummified body stuffed into a trunk that had also been packed with Styrofoam, air fresheners and newspapers.

After his arrest, Einhorn jumped bail and spent decades evading authorities by hiding out in Ireland, Sweden, the United Kingdom and France. After 23 years, he was finally extradited to the United States from France and put on trial. Taking the stand in his own defense, Einhorn claimed that his ex-girlfriend had been killed by CIA agents who framed him for the crime because he knew too much about the agency's paranormal military research. He was convicted of murdering Maddux and is currently serving a life sentence.

Although Einhorn was only the master of ceremonies at the first Earth Day event, he maintains that Earth Day was his idea and that he's responsible for launching it. Understandably, Earth Day's organizers have distanced themselves from his name, citing Gaylord Nelson, an environmental activist and former Wisconsin governor and U.S. senator who died in 2005, as Earth Day's official founder and organizer.

According to the U.S. Environmental Protection Agency, Sen. Gaylord Nelson created Earth Day in the spring of 1970 as a way to bring national awareness to the fact that, at the time, there were no legal or regulatory mechanisms in place to protect the environment. About 20 million participants at various Earth Day events across the U.S. made Earth Day a success, and in December of 1970, Congress authorized the creation of a new federal agency to tackle environmental issues — the EPA.

April 22, 2014

Climate Change Genius' Are Telling Their Peddlers To LIE. Information Manipulation And Climate Agreements. Ha! There You Have It Folks!

o...m...g...! There you have it. And their supporters wonder why we don't trust any of them. Geesh! Climate change hysteria is NOT based on facts and is not to save us or the planet. This is about global population control. Yes, it is very sinister! :/

You can view the abstract by clicking the link: Information Manipulation and Climate Agreements

And to all of the Marxist Leftist Democratic aholes who call people like me a "conspiracy theorist", how can it be a theory if it is REAL?! ALL of Obama and democratic propaganda media are calling people like me a right-wing extremist nutcase, making this shit up! UN Agenda 21 can not be considered a lie or even a theory if any one on this planet can access this information directly from the United Nations website and has done their research to all who are connected. Also researched how this is what got the Global Warming scam started.
Please click HERE to be directed to the United Nations website UN Agenda 21 information. I've taken the following from UN website.
Agenda 21 is a comprehensive plan of action to be taken globally, nationally and locally by organizations of the United Nations System, Governments, and Major Groups in every area in which human impacts on the environment.

Agenda 21, the Rio Declaration on Environment and Development, and the Statement of principles for the Sustainable Management of Forests were adopted by more than 178 Governments at the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development (UNCED) held in Rio de Janerio, Brazil, 3 to 14 June 1992.

The Commission on Sustainable Development (CSD) was created in December 1992 to ensure effective follow-up of UNCED, to monitor and report on implementation of the agreements at the local, national, regional and international levels. It was agreed that a five year review of Earth Summit progress would be made in 1997 by the United Nations General Assembly meeting in special session.

The full implementation of Agenda 21, the Programme for Further Implementation of Agenda 21 and the Commitments to the Rio principles, were strongly reaffirmed at the World Summit on Sustainable Development (WSSD) held in Johannesburg, South Africa from 26 August to 4 September 2002.
Townhall
written by Kevin Glass
February 26, 2014

From "hide the decline" to the "hockey stick" to Rush Limbaugh, the debate over climate change is fraught with accusations that the other side is willfully lying about the facts in order to win. Now there are two academics out with a paper justifying lying about climate change in order to convince global governments to "do something" about it.

Fuhai Hong and Xiojian Zhao, economists at Singapore's Nanyang Technological University and Hong Kong University of Science and Technology respectively, are publishing a paper in the American Journal of Agricultural Economics called "Information Manipulation and Climate Agreements," which argues that manipulation of information by the media will "enhance global welfare" by inducing countries to agree to environmental accords (IEAs).
We show that the exaggeration of climate change may alleviate the problem of insufficient IEA participation. When the mass media has private information on the damage caused by climate change, in equilibrium they may manipulate this information to increase pessimism regarding climate damage even though in actual fact the damage may not be that great. Consequently, more countries will be induced to participate in an IEA in this state, thereby leading to greater global welfare ex post.
The article purports to prove, with an economic model, that the urgency of climate change and the necessity of international agreement makes it okay to lie about the projected consequences of climate change.

Progressives have advocated lying in order to get their way before, but this model is actually different from fighting lies with more lies; these two economists advocate lying even when assuming that the entire debate to this point has been entirely honest on both sides due to the asymmetric information problems and game theory involved. Now, they don't advocate "lying" - they merely propose "information manipulation," "accentuation" and "exaggeration" on the part of the media in order to enhance global welfare.

This isn't to suggest that all progressives advocate lying to further their political ideology, or even that it's particularly widespread beyond these two professors. But it's out there: there are academics who so vehemently believe that the urgency of action on climate change is so great that it justifies mass deception and lying in order to win, and are prepared to go to complex theoretical proofs in order to "prove" it.

An undated version of this paper is HERE. Hat tip to Jayson Lusk.

April 21, 2014

USA: Arizona Official: Cliven Bundy's Acts Are Legal. This Is Why It's So VERY IMPORTANT To Know Your Rights Or Else You Will Be Seriously Taken Advantage Of By Scoundrels!


The Bundy Ranch story starts at 2:23 minutes into the video.

I would also like to point out again that this federal gestapo like cattle raid was not about the money. The federal government spent over $1 MILLION of our taxpayer dollars to round-up the Bundy cattle that the BLM is guilty of inhumane containment and even killing many of the cattle and burying them in mass graves. The feds spent over $1 MILLION and they claim the Bundy Ranch owes $300,000 plus penalties for "grazing fees". I want you think about that for a moment. I also want you think about the term "public land". Is a park "public land"? How would you feel if our government starting charging us to walk our dogs in the park or even having a picnic or throwing a birthday party at a "public park"? Or let's say we plant fruit trees and our government starts to charge us for picking the fruit on the "public trees"? Who is considered "the public"? ALL AMERICANS, We the People, of this great nation are "the public". The Bundy cattle were eating grass. Got that? Eating grass and the federal government claims the Bundy Family owes $300,000 for their cattle eating grass on "public land".

Okay, now do you think it's okay for OUR federal government to send 200 plus military grade swat team people with automatic weapons, snipers surrounding area, taser guns and attack dogs to the Bundy ranch because he has a delinquent payment due to the federal government? Come on now, think about that for a moment. The federal government could have easily attached "a lien" to the Bundy ranch and/or the Bundy cattle. So again, I must emphasize, this federal raid has NOTHING to do with the money Harry Reid and the democrats keep pushing on all the networks! Please wake up America.
NewsMax
written by Joe Battaglia
Monday April 21, 2014

The Nevada cattle rancher at the center of a land dispute with the federal government should not have to surrender his property, an Arizona official says, because he has been acting within the boundaries of the law.

Barry Weller, vice chairman of the Apache County Board of Supervisors, told J.D. Hayworth and John Bachman on "America's Forum" Monday on Newsmax TV that he thinks Cliven Bundy was right in standing up to the Bureau of Land Management, which sought to seize his ranch.

Bundy says his family has homesteaded since 1877 on the land, which the federal government says belongs to the United States. As part of a conservation effort to protect the endangered desert tortoise, the Bureau of Land Management banned cattle grazing on the land in 1989. Bundy continued to graze his cattle and refused to pay fines levied against him, calling the federal policy a land grab.

The case is similar to another in Nevada, in which Wayne Hage won a protracted battle with the federal government by successfully arguing that he had the right to graze his cows within two miles of water sources he developed.

"The Bundys and the Hages are standing on what's called their water rights and their grazing rights," which, Weller said, "were pre-existing in territorial times, long before the government took over and these states became states and these water rights are mentioned, and any federal law or policy act that comes thereafter is always stated, 'subject to pre-existing rights.'

"So, when people say they're not legally doing what they're doing, they are. They are doing what they're supposed to be doing: standing for their rights," Weller said.

Weller said Sen. Harry Reid's comments on the situation have served no purpose other than "to ratchet up the force of the federal government against the citizens."

He added the government's actions against Bundy amount to a criminal shakedown for payment.

"That was absolutely deadly force," Weller said. "I don't know that it's hitting the news out there, but [the BLM] were killing cattle, they shot his prize bull from a helicopter through the back of the neck and killed him. Several cattle were killed as they rounded them up and pulled them into the BLM pens. It's just a devastation of force."

The only solution to this problem, Weller said, is for the government to follow through on the transfer of public land that was promised to all newly created states at statehood but honored only to the states east of Colorado.

"The people who take the best care of anything are the people who own it and have it close to them," Weller said. "The federal government has no idea what they're doing with these lands from a remote place in Washington, D.C., and they are deteriorating the resources of this country.

"There are trillions and trillions of dollars of natural resources here which do not have to be mined or received in a way that is brutal to the country or to the landscape, but are in a way that will profit and take care of the debt of this country if we open them up to the public and to the states so they can be utilized."

USA: Cliven Bundy Family Finds BLM Mass Cattle Graves – Dead Bulls (Graphic Video And Photo) This Is SO WRONG! Can You See It's NOT About The Grazing Fees, It's About Federal Crony Intimidation! >:/


4-21-14 - (Fox News) - Carol Bundy, the wife of Cliven Bundy, and their daughter Stetsy Bundy, explained to Greta Van Susteren tonight how they have now found a mass grave where several cattle where killed and then buried by the BLM. Not only that, but many killed were female cattle and that especially hurts their livelihood.

Carol Bundy also pointed out the inhumane way that some were killed, noting that one or more cows were shot 7 or 8 times, meaning a lot of torture for those cows which is something that should never happen. She said even when they send fat cows to the slaughter, they are killed quickly and humanely so that they never experience any pain or suffering.
From the Bundy Ranch facebook page:
(Graphic picture) Digging up 1 of the HUGE holes where they threw the cows that they had ran to death or shot. I feel that this NEEDS to be put out for the public to see.

The Gateway Pundit
written by Jim Hoft
Monday April 20, 2014

The Bureau of Land Management destroyed water lines and water tanks belonging to the Cliven Bundy family. The feds also shot two prized bulls and ran over at least one endangered tortoise den.

Inquisitr reported:

Bundy ranch family members and friends spent much of their weekend moving cattle shot or run to death during the BLM standoff earlier this month. The graphic images have gone viral online, shocking both rancher and animal advocates alike.

The first mass cattle graves photos released by Cliven Bundy and his supporters on Sunday appear to substantiate reports by witnesses who first reported the cattle deaths. Nevada assemblywoman Michel Fiore was among those who maintained that BLM agents either killed cattle by either shooting them or running them to death during the Bunkerville incident. Fiore posted several images of the cow grave on Twitter last night, labeling the posting, “#BLM massacre. This isn’t how you herd cattle.”
“Near their compound, right off the highway, they were digging holes. They tried to bury some cows on the compound, but I guess they didn’t dig the hole deep enough, so they throw a cow in and they put dirt over him and you have cow’s legs sticking out of the dirt.”
LATEST:
Clinton, Reid And Obama Wealthy Leftist Democratic Cronies Behind Push To Remove Bundy Cattle In Nevada. EXPOSED!!! An Absolute MUST READ.

"It’s Time" Lawmakers From 9 States Gather In Utah, Discuss Ways To Take Control Of Federal Lands Within Their State Borders. WooHoo! Great News! :)

Arizona Official: Cliven Bundy's Acts Are Legal. This is why it's so VERY IMPORTANT to know your rights. Americans that don't know their rights get seriously taken advantage of.

USA: Breaking Scandal: The Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Rounding Up Wild Horses, Sending To Slaugherhouse…In Canada

Wow! This explains a lot to me. Like why the BLM has been rounding up Wild FREE Horses across America and selling them for meat slaughter to foreign nations. They don't give a crap about our environment or wild animals. The EPA does this too. Like stopping water flow to farmers in California to put them out of business so they can buy the land dirt cheap for the stupid bullet train costing us, the taxpayers, billions going to nowhere and flushing ALL of our CA water reserves into the ocean to protect a teeny tiny minnow fish!!!

This is a great article breaking down all of the wealthy donors the democrats are helping using the BLM: LATEST: Clinton, Reid And Obama Wealthy Leftist Democratic Cronies Behind Push To Remove Bundy Cattle In Nevada. EXPOSED!!! An Absolute MUST READ.

I've only shared a portion of this article to link this information to the BLM wild horse round-up and sale to foreign slaughter houses.

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Patriots Billboard
written by Mike Adams
April 12, 2014

BUNDY RANCH AND FRACKING LEASES

The way this works, of course, is that BLM runs by claiming they are “managing” the land and thereby kicking everyone else off it. They then invoke a reptile, an owl, a bird, a snake or some other animal which they claim to be “saving,” even while they are stealing and destroying hundreds of cattle belonging to a private rancher trying to make an honest living in a nation where productive Americans are increasingly branded “enemies of the state.”

Once control of the land is established via court order or by bringing armed men with automatic weapons, BLM then turns around and who proceed to exploit the land using hydraulic fracturing techniques that inject toxic chemicals into groundwater supplies (and have been linked to earthquakes). The money collected by the BLM is then used to increase BLM salaries, pensions and bonuses.

In essence, the BLM is a criminal mafia racket, and Cliven Bundy just happened to be in the way of their next target, the Gold Butte area of Nevada.

“Endangered tortoises” is merely the government cover story for confiscating land to turn it over to fracking companies for millions of dollars in energy leases. In truth, the BLM was rapidly euthanizing these very same reptiles en masse last year.

Does anyone really believe this is still about a tortoise?

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Western Journalism
written by B. Christopher Agee
Friday April 18, 2014

The Bureau of Land Management is clearly having an image problem. As the outrage over its intimidating show of force during last week’s showdown at the Bundy Ranch in Nevada proved, the federal agency is now caught up in a controversy originating in Wyoming.

According to recent reports, agents herded a large group of wild horses in the state before ceding control of the majestic animals to state authorities. At that point, Wyoming officials sold them off to a slaughterhouse in Canada.

Obviously, this development outraged countless advocates already incensed by accusations that BLM officers gunned down multiple cows at the Bundy Ranch.

Paula Todd King, a wild horse advocate with Colorado’s Cloud Foundation, said it would have taken “very little to do this in a more effective way so that horses are not just sent off to slaughter indiscriminately.”

Though wild horses, which have roamed throughout the American West for hundreds of years, are protected by federal law, the BLM contends these animals do not qualify for such protection. Instead, agency spokesperson Sarah Beckwith contends they are strays descended from rodeo horses from four decades ago.

King, however, wondered how such a distinction is made.

“How long does a horse have to live wild and free before it’s considered wild?” she asked.

The roundup, which happened about a month ago, concluded with the sale of more than 40 horses to the Alberta-based slaughterhouse, bringing in a grand total of $1,640. Beckwith insisted the entire process was conducted in concert with existing laws, and notice of the sale was posted in local post offices.

BLM Senior Ranchland Management Specialist Robert Bolton, however, acknowledged this haul was much larger than usual.

“That’s a pretty sizable number,” he noted, explaining that “most of our impounds have been in the low numbers.”

While the roundup is not unheard of, and went largely unnoticed by the national press for nearly a month, the perceived overreaction of the agency in responding to the Bundy Ranch in Nevada has understandably increased public scrutiny of the BLM. As most concerned Americans cited overreaches by federal departments such as the IRS and Homeland Security, the BLM generally flew under the radar. That seems to no longer be the case.

Photo Credit: Facebook/Black Hills Wild Horse Sanctuary

USA: LATEST: Clinton, Reid And Obama Uber Wealthy Leftist Democratic Cronies Behind Push To Remove Bundy Cattle In Nevada. EXPOSED!!! An Absolute MUST READ.

Trevor Loudon's New Zeal: Shining the Torch for Liberty
written by James Simpson, DC Independent Examiner
Thursday April 17, 2014

Following a weeklong confrontation between protestors and police from the Bureau of Land Management (BLM), events at the Bundy ranch in Bunkerville, Nevada came to an abrupt end on Saturday, April 11, when the BLM suddenly threw in the towel and left. Speaking to a local TV news program Monday, Nevada Senator and Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid said, “This isn’t over…” And he is certainly correct. The showdown between BLM and Cliven Bundy – the last rancher in Clark County, Nevada – was but the latest battle in a long-running conflict, and it is sure to continue. Too much is at stake.

Supposedly at issue was the desert tortoise, a reptile on the endangered species list which could not coexist on the land with Bundy’s cattle. But why would the turtle suddenly be threatened by animals it had cohabited with for the 100 plus years the Bundy ranch has been in operation?

A BLM document unearthed last week discusses mitigation strategies for the Dry Lake Solar Energy Zone. Dry Lake is just southwest of the Bundy ranch. The “mitigation strategy” proposed to use the grazing lands near the Bundy ranch as a kind of sanctuary for the desert tortoise, because the entire region is slated for a large number of solar, wind and geothermal energy generation facilities. The solar projects especially will obliterate most of the turtle’s natural habitat.

Bloggers quickly made a connection between the effort to remove Bundy’s cattle and a solar energy project located in Southern Nevada and financed by the Communist Chinese energy firm ENN. It was to be the largest solar farm in the U.S. Senator Reid had lobbied heavily for their business, even traveling to China to do so. Reid’s son, formerly a Clark County Commissioner, became a lobbyist for ENN, and Reid placed a former senior advisor, Neil Kornze, to lead the BLM, presumably to assure the enterprise’s success.

Seemed like a slam dunk. But a solar energy complex financed by the Communist Chinese was not at the heart of the Bundy Ranch fiasco after all. That project died last year. However, the BLM’s library of renewable energy projects accessed by the author revealed it was only one of more than 50 solar, wind and geothermal projects planned for Nevada, California, Arizona and other Western states. Reid was actually focused on at least one, and maybe more of these projects, much closer to the Bundy ranch. He was at the work site on March 21, 2014 to help break ground on the Moapa Southern Paiute Solar Project. A close inspection of this project reveals why there is so much interest in the area and why the BLM, presumably at Reid’s urging through his water boy, Neil Kornze, is so intent on getting Bundy off the land. Reid, for all his rampant corruption (the Nevada mob call him “Cleanface”), looks to be little more than the bagman in this caper. Oh sure, he and his boys will get rich, but not like the others.

The leaseholder for this project is K Road Power, LLC, a New York City-based energy company. An examination of their website finds their business development manager to be none other than Jonathan Magaziner. Magaziner was formerly an associate at the Clinton Climate Initiative of the William J. Clinton Foundation. He is also the son of Ira Magaziner, former senior policy advisor for Bill Clinton, also now conveniently working for the Clinton Foundation on health and environment issues. Just one big, happy, and soon to be even richer, family. There are doubtless more connections to Democratic insiders here.

But that is not all. A company called First Solar is listed on a BLM renewable energy project map of southern Nevada, one of 11 sited in Clark County. Additionally, the map shows six wind projects in Clark County, and also lists the K Road Moapa project under “transmission projects.” In other words, there is a lot going on. How did the media miss all that?

First Solar investors comprise a who’s who of the corrupt, Democratic Left insider crowd, including major Obama campaign bundlers, billionaire investor Paul Tudor Jones, Al Gore, Ted Turner and Goldman Sachs. First Solar’s CEO is Michael Ahearn, former fundraiser for both Obama and Senator Harry Reid. First Solar has at least three other solar projects in California. So it becomes very apparent why the BLM, Harry Reid and many other interested parties have such an intense interest in the desert tortoise. They see green, oceans of it. But it is the kind that lines pockets, not the high desert.

This story has been completely missed by all mass media, even Fox News, but it explains both why Cliven Bundy has been facing such intense intimidation and why all the other ranchers have been chased out. Bundy is not merely threatening Harry Reid’s gravy train, but Obama’s, Clinton’s, Gore’s and an A list rogue’s gallery of professional Democrat sponges. It is surprising he is still alive.

This is what has been discovered by examining only a few of the 50-plus projects. Doubtless there is a similar story behind all of them. These entrepreneurial parasites are planning to turn the West into a massive money pit for “green” energy. The projects will eventually go as all others have gone before: falling in flames as the unsustainable costs, maintenance problems and true environmental catastrophes they create become intolerable. The true goal of “green” energy is to make these people wealthier, not to save the environment. As usual with this president, the American taxpayer will be left holding the bag, while he and his cronies will be long gone, laughing all the way to the bank.

This story needs to make national headlines. If there is a shred of integrity left in the mass media, now would be the time to show it. It is not possible that they are unaware of what is happening.

USA: "It’s Time" Lawmakers From 9 States Gather In Utah, Discuss Ways To Take Control Of Federal Lands Within Their State Borders. WooHoo! Great News! :)

The Salt Lake Tribune
written by Kristen Moulton
Sunday April 20, 2014

It’s time for Western states to take control of federal lands within their borders, lawmakers and county commissioners from Western states said at Utah’s Capitol on Friday.

More than 50 political leaders from nine states convened for the first time to talk about their joint goal: wresting control of oil-, timber -and mineral-rich lands away from the feds.

"It’s simply time," said Rep. Ken Ivory, R-West Jordan, who organized the Legislative Summit on the Transfer for Public Lands along with Montana state Sen. Jennifer Fielder. "The urgency is now."

Utah House Speaker Becky Lockhart, R-Provo, was flanked by a dozen participants, including her counterparts from Idaho and Montana, during a press conference after the daylong closed-door summit. U.S. Sen. Mike Lee addressed the group over lunch, Ivory said. New Mexico, Arizona, Nevada, Wyoming, Oregon and Washington also were represented.

The summit was in the works before this month’s tense standoff between Nevada rancher Cliven Bundy and the Bureau of Land Management over cattle grazing, Lockhart said.

"What’s happened in Nevada is really just a symptom of a much larger problem," Lockhart said.

Fielder, who described herself as "just a person who lives in the woods," said federal land management is hamstrung by bad policies, politicized science and severe federal budget cuts.

"Those of us who live in the rural areas know how to take care of lands," Fielder said, who lives in the northwestern Montana town of Thompson Falls.

"We have to start managing these lands. It’s the right thing to do for our people, for our environment, for our economy and for our freedoms," Fielder said.

Idaho Speaker of the House Scott Bedke said Idaho forests and rangeland managed by the state have suffered less damage and watershed degradation from wildfire than have lands managed by federal agencies.

"It’s time the states in the West come of age," Bedke said. "We’re every bit as capable of managing the lands in our boundaries as the states east of Colorado."

Ivory said the issue is of interest to urban as well as rural lawmakers, in part because they see oilfields and other resources that could be developed to create jobs and fund education.

Moreover, the federal government’s debt threatens both its management of vast tracts of the West as well as its ability to come through with payments in lieu of taxes to the states, he said. Utah gets 32 percent of its revenue from the federal government, much of it unrelated to public lands.

"If we don’t stand up and act, seeing that trajectory of what’s coming … those problems are going to get bigger," Ivory said.

He was the sponsor two years of ago of legislation, signed by Gov. Gary Herbert, that demands the federal government relinquish title to federal lands in Utah. The lawmakers and governor said they were only asking the federal government to make good on promises made in the 1894 Enabling Act for Utah to become a state.

The intent was never to take over national parks and wilderness created by an act of Congress Lockhart said. "We are not interested in having control of every acre," she said. "There are lands that are off the table that rightly have been designated by the federal government."

A study is underway at the University of Utah to analyze how Utah could manage the land now in federal control. That was called for in HB142, passed by the 2013 Utah Legislature.

None of the other Western states has gone as far as Utah, demanding Congress turn over federal lands. But five have task forces or other analyses underway to get a handle on the costs and benefits, Fielder said.

"Utah has been way ahead on this," Fielder said.

USA: President Obama, White House Ties, Connection To Major News Networks. Understand, They Are His Propaganda Wing.

USA: Enough Said... President Obama, The Democrats And Their Corrupt Complicit Media Deceive The Public, Push False Narratives.