June 13, 2024

SAUDI ARABIA: BIG NEWS! Saudi Arabia's Petro-Dollar Exit: A Global Finance Paradigm Shift. The US-Saudi Arabia Deal Expired On June 9, 2024. Saudi Arabia Not Renewing Deal With US.

Cyrus Janssen published June 13, 2024: Saudi Arabia Just Shocked the Dollar! Future with BRICS and China. Saudi Arabia just changed the entire future of the US dollar when it decided to end it's 50 year agreement with the US and the Petrodollar. Saudi Arabia is now looking to BRICS and China for their future in this new multipolar world. What happens next for the US dollar and BRICS? Let's break it down!
Lena Petrova published June 10, 2024: 🚨 MAJOR DEVELOPMENT: Saudi Arabia Joins CBDC mBridge to End US Dollar Dominance? (THE TRUE REASONS).
The Business Standard
written by Staff
Wednesday June 12, 2024

The crucial decision to not renew the contract enables Saudi Arabia to sell oil and other goods in multiple currencies, including the Chinese RMB, Euros, Yen, and Yuan, instead of exclusively in US dollars. Additionally, the potential use of digital currencies like Bitcoin may also be considered.

Significant financial upheaval is potentially ahead of the financial world as Saudi Arabia has decided not to renew its 80-year petro-dollar deal with the United States. The deal, which expired on Sunday 9 June, was a cornerstone of the United States global economic dominance.

Originally signed on 8 June 1974, the deal established two joint commissions, one based on economic cooperation and the other on Saudi Arabia's military needs. At the time, it was said that it heralded an era of close cooperation between the two countries, says Katja Hamilton of BizCommunity.

American officials at the time expressed optimism that the deal would motivate Saudi Arabia to ramp up its oil production. They also envisioned it as a blueprint for fostering economic collaboration between Washington and other Arab countries.

The crucial decision to not renew the contract enables Saudi Arabia to sell oil and other goods in multiple currencies, including the Chinese RMB, Euros, Yen, and Yuan, instead of exclusively in US dollars. Additionally, the potential use of digital currencies like Bitcoin may also be considered.

This latest development signifies a major shift away from the petrodollar system established in 1972, when the US decoupled its currency from gold, and is anticipated to hasten the global shift away from the US dollar. Cross-border CBDC transactions

In a more recent move, Saudi Arabia has announced its involvement in Project mBridge, a project which explores a multi-central bank digital currency (CBDC) platform shared among participating central banks and commercial banks. It is built on distributed ledger technology (DLT) to enable instant cross-border payments settlements, and foreign-exchange transactions.

The project has more than 26 observing members including the South African Reserve Bank, which was greenlighted as a member this month.

The better known observing members of mBridge are those of the Bank of Israel, Bank of Namibia, Bank of France, Central Bank of Bahrain, Central Bank of Egypt, Central Bank of Jordan, European Central Bank, the International Monetary Fund, the Federal Reserve Bank of New York, the Reserve Bank of Australia, and the World Bank.

In tandem, the project steering committee has created a bespoke governance and legal framework, including a rulebook, tailored to match the platform's unique decentralised nature.

Evolution of Project mBridge

Project mBridge is the result of extensive collaboration starting in 2021 between the BIS Innovation Hub, the Bank of Thailand, the Central Bank of the United Arab Emirates, the Digital Currency Institute of the People's Bank of China and the Hong Kong Monetary Authority.

In 2022, a pilot with real-value transactions was conducted. Since then, the mBridge project team has been exploring whether the prototype platform could evolve to become a Minimum Viable Product (MVP) – a stage now reached.

As it enters the MVP stage, Project mBridge is now inviting private-sector firms to propose new solutions and use cases that could help develop the platform and showcase all its potential. 
maneco64 published June 11, 2024: The Sun Sets on the Petrodollar As the BRICS Monetary Order Emerges.
First Post, India local
written by Staff
Thursday June 13, 2024

Petrodollars are US dollars exchanged for crude oil exports. The deal, which was struck between Saudi Arabia and the United States in 1974 in the aftermath of an oil crisis, allowed Washington a steady flow of crude and a market to buy its debt while the Kingdom would get military aid and equipment. Experts say the development could bring about a sea change in the global financial order and shows that the dollar’s dominance is no longer guaranteed.

The US-Saudi Arabia petrodollar deal has come to an end after eight decades.

The deal that was signed on 8 June, 1974, allowed US dollars to be exchanged for crude oil exports.

It expired on 9 June, according to several media reports.

But what do we know about the deal? What happens next? And why has it been allowed to lapse?

Let’s take a closer look:


First, let’s briefly look at petrodollars.

Petrodollars aren’t a currency.

Rather they are US dollars exchanged for crude oil exports.

According to Investopedia, the petrodollar system came about in the aftermath of the US going off the gold standard.

Until then, the US had tied its currency to the price of gold at $35 per ounce under the Bretton Woods Agreement

However, in 1971, then US president Richard M Nixon terminated the agreement.

This came after the US dollar collapsed after the global economy and its demand for safe assets exceeded the available supply of gold bullion.

The petrodollar system was set up the next year – in 1972.

Now, with global supply of dollars increasing, oil exporters earned more and more petrodollars thanks to higher oil prices.

They accepted dollars because there was simply no alternative.

What’s more, the dollar was the currency in which international trade and finance were carried out.

What the petrodollar system did was in effect reinforce the US dollar’s dominance as the global reserve currency.

This has had tangible benefits for Americans.

According to MSN, the use of dollars to purchase crude oil has assisted in keeping the currency strong.

This in turn has made imports comparatively cheap for US consumers.

The inflow of capital into US treasury bonds has given rise to low interest rates and a strong bond market.

The website quoted bestselling author and investment manager David Wright, in his book Bonfire of the Sanities wrote that people in the US enjoy “as high of a standard of living as we do is because the dollar is strong.”

Wright added this is also “because energy can’t be bought without US dollars.”

The deal

The deal between Saudi Arabia and the United States was struck in 1974.

According to Bloomberg, by then, an oil crisis had struck the US and prices had skyrocketed after sanctions from OPEC’s Arab nations in retaliation for Washington helping Israel during the Yom Kippur war.

The idea behind the deal was simple – the US would buy oil from the Kingdom and provide it with military aid and equipment.

Meanwhile, the Saudis would send billions of their petrodollar revenue back into America and finance its spending.

According to MSN, this was a win for both sides.

Washington would get a steady flow of oil and a market to buy its debt while the Kingdom would ensure its stability.

Experts say the US wasn’t alone in trying to get Saudi Arabia on side.

“Everyone — in the US, France, Britain, Japan — was trying to get their fingers in the Saudis’ pockets,” Gordon S Brown, an economic officer with the State Department at the US embassy in Riyadh from 1976 to 1978, told the outlet.

What happens now?

According to India Today, Saudi Arabia can now sell oil and receive yuan, Euros, rubles and yen.

It is also considering conducting transactions in digital currencies like Bitcoin.

In the long term, it might speed up the trend of using alternate currencies to settle international trade.

According to MSN, this could bring about a sea change in the global financial order.

“The petrodollar’s expiration could weaken the U.S. dollar and, by extension, the U.S. financial markets. If oil were to be priced in a currency other than the dollar, it could lead to a decline in global demand for the greenback. This, in turn, could result in higher inflation, higher interest rates, and a weaker bond market in the United States,” the website stated.

The website added that the development reflects a change in the undercurrents of global power.

“The US dollar’s dominance is no longer guaranteed,” it argued.

James E Thorne, of Wellington-Altus Financial Inc, wrote on X that the development represents a strategic move by the United States to facilitate a managed decline of the US dollar and enhance its ability to refinance its national debt at lower rates.

“This shift in global finance and geopolitics has far-reaching implications for fiscal dominance and the managed decline of the USD,” Thorne wrote.

“The shift away from the petrodollar system could contribute to a broader geopolitical realignment, with countries like Saudi Arabia seeking to reduce their reliance on the US and strengthen ties with other economic powers, such as China and the BRICS nations,” Thorne added.

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