February 7, 2023

SCIENCE: Mount Merapi, A Doomsday Volcano That Sits Off The Coast Of Indonesia Could Cause The Global Economy To Collapse, And Experts Warn It Is Due To Erupt. Volcanoes Explained.

dutchsinse published January 9, 2023: Very Large M7.6 earthquake strikes warned area in Indonesia. The warned area in Indonesia has been struck by a very large M7.6 earthquake. 
GeologyHub published January 28, 2021: The Active Volcano in Indonesia; Mount Merapi. Recently, Mount Merapi has made the news due to several spectacular explosions during its current 2021 eruption. Mount Merapi is one of the most active volcanoes in all of Indonesia! This video covers the recent eruptions from this volcano, and states the general hazard which it poses in the future.
Johnny Harris published Jun 2, 2021: Why Indonesia is Always Erupting.

The Daily Mail, UK
written by Stacy Liberatore
Friday January 20, 2023

A volcano that sits off the coast of Indonesia could cause the global economy to collapse, and experts warn it is due to erupt.

Mount Marapi sits just several miles from the Strait of Malacca, which has been described as the world's chokepoint.

The waterway sees 90,000 ships travel through the narrow channel per year carrying grain, crude oil and every type of commodity on the market.

The more than 9,000-foot-tall volcano would shoot a cloud of ash 21 miles above the route that caters to 40 percent of the global trade, along with blanketing Earth in a volcanic winter for three years.

The dramatic drop in temperature would lead to global food shortages, inflation and climate abnormalities, according to a stark warning from researchers at the University of Cambridge.

And these disasters would cost the world an estimated $2.51 trillion.

According to legend, Mount Marapi is the site first settled by the Minangkabau people after their ship landed on the mountain when it was the size of an egg and surrounded by water.

There are large numbers of upright burial stones in the region, which are oriented in the direction of the mountain, indicating their cultural significance

The volcano's last major eruption was on May 29, 2006, which triggered a disastrous 2.6 magnitude earthquake that killed at least 3,000 people.

The team at the University of Cambridge released a report detailing potential doomsday scenarios for when Mount Marapi awakens with rage.

The ash cloud would be carried miles away from the volcano to various airports across Indonesia, Malaysia and Singapore, halting all aviation activity.

The region is one of the busiest airspaces in the world, with the aerial route between both cities alone comprising over 5.5 million seats per year, according to a 2021 study published in Nature.

This would pause tourism in all the countries, which would lose billions of dollars - it is a $3.35 billion industry for Indonesia alone.

Lara Mani, a volcanologist at the University of Cambridge's Centre for the Study of Existential Risk, told BBC that Volcanic Explosivity Index (VEI) four through six is enough to disrupt the trading channel - the highest the index goes is up to eight.

But the rest of the world would also suffer from Mount Marapi erupting.

'Global mean temperatures fall 1°C for up to three years, resulting in severe climate abnormalities that lead to major global food shortages,' the University of Cambridge shared in the report.

'Unpredictable rainfall patterns and unusually low summer temperatures cause massive crop failures across the world, leading to soaring food prices and high global inflation in the summer months of the second year.

'It is not until the beginning of the third year after the eruption that technological advances catch up with the crisis and help to rebalance global food supply and demand.'

This region is also highly active volcanically, with numerous volcanic centers present along the Indonesian archipelago, such as Mount Sinabung (VEI 4) and Mount Toba in Sumatra, and Mount Marapi (VEI 4) in Central Java.

Mount Semeru, also known as Mahaneru, has erupted several times over the past few centuries.

However, its most recent eruption occurred in December 2022, causing smoke flumes to shoot over a mile high.

The eruption from Mount Semeru, the highest mountain in Indonesia, caused authorities to alert the neighboring communities.

Mount Tambora had one of its largest eruptions in 1815, causing crops to die as far as Europe. This led to food shortages worldwide.

'The death toll of the 1815 event was 11,000 from pyroclastic flows and more than 100,000 from the resulting food shortages over the following decade,' said the National Environmental Satellite Data and Information Service said on their website.

The Tambora eruption was a magnitude VEI7, but a volcanic blast this intense happens once every few hundred years.

Although nothing can be done to prevent natural disasters from reaching the Strait of Malacca, there are possible ways to send out early-warning systems and signs to warn people of an impending disaster.

Skywatch Media News pubilshed June 5, 2021: Majestic Meteor Fireball Crashes onto Indonesia's Mount Merapi Volcano. A lofty meteor suddenly entered Earth's atmosphere on May 27, impacting the summit of Mount Merapi Volcano on the island of Java.

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