February 4, 2023

MEXICO: Mexico Bans Solar Geoengineering After Startup Stunt. Make Sunsets Said It Released Sulfur-Filled Balloons TO BLOCK THE SUN In Baja California Sur To Counteract Global Warming. Ugh 😒

Climate change policies are anti-human, anti-life. Everything these psychopaths are doing to "combat climate change" is harming all living things on our planet. These psycophaths are causing our problems. Think about this for a moment. These psychopath totalitarian globalists are working diligently to forcing us to use everything electric powered by SOLAR panels. Okaaay. But at the same time, these psychopath totalitarian globalists WANT TO BLOCK OUT THE SUN. The sun all living things need to survive and will need to power the electricity after they ban all fossil fuels. They are using pollution to stop the pollution. They are crazy. These are the same people who want to depopulate the earth to a comfortable 500 million human beings. Remember they wrote that on the Georgia Guidestones that they blew up recently. We currently have 7.8 billion human beings on this planet. They want to genocide roughly 90 percent of the world human population. So please realize, they are not trying to help us. (emphasis mine)
CNBC published Sep 7, 2019: Why Bill Gates Is Funding Solar Geoengineering Research.

Fires burning across the Amazon rainforest have renewed the debate about solutions to climate change. Bill Gates is backing the first high-altitude experiment of one radical approach called solar geoengineering. It's meant to mimic the effects of a giant volcanic eruption. Thousands of planes would fly at high altitudes, spraying millions of tons of particles around the planet to create a massive chemical cloud that would cool the surface.

"Modeling studies have found that it could reduce the intensity of heat waves, for instance, apparently it could reduce the rate of sea level rise. It could reduce the intensity of tropical storms," said Andy Parker, project director at the Solar Radiation Management Governance Initiative.

The technology is not far from being ready and it's affordable, but it could cause massive changes in regional weather patterns and eradicate blue sky.

"These consequences might be horrific. They might involve things like mass famine, mass flooding, drought of kinds that will affect very large populations," said Stephen Gardiner, author of "A Perfect Moral Storm: The Ethical Tragedy of Climate Change."

Watch the video to learn how it would work and hear the debate around the ethics and efficacy of solar geoengineering.
written by Lauren Leffer
Thursday January 19, 2023

Make Sunsets said it released sulfur-filled balloons in Baja California Sur to counteract global warming.

Mexico is cracking down on experiments in solar geoengineering. The controversial proposed climate solution, in which aerosol particles are released into the upper atmosphere to reflect the Sun’s heat, will no longer be allowed to take place in the country, the Mexican Ministry of Environment and Natural Resources (Semarnat) announced last week.

Both large-scale and in-development projects involving solar engineering are to be halted, via coordination between the Mexican environment ministry and the country’s National Council of Science and Technology, the news statement noted. The goal of the new policy is to “protect communities and environments.”

The nationwide ban comes on the heels of climate tech startup Make Sunsets’ claims that it released weather balloons filled with sulfur dioxide particles from an unspecified location in the Mexican state of Baja California Sur—without any sort of dialogue or approval Mexican authorities. The startup’s co-founder, Luke Iseman (formerly of Y Combinator and numerous other startups that seem to have floundered or been abandoned), said in a December interview with MIT Technology Review that he’d conducted two test balloon launches in April 2022.

But Iseman has contradicted his own claims since then. In a follow-up report from The Wall Street Journal, published Thursday, Iseman changed his story to “a single weather balloon.” And in a Wednesday blogpost from Make Sunsets, the company floated the possibility that it never actually released any sulfur balloons at all. “Make Sunsets will share all information about its activities in Mexico to date (if any) with... responsible agencies,” the startup wrote. “Make sunsets will cease its operations in Mexico (if there were any),” the post continues.

Gizmodo reached out to Make Sunsets for more information but did not receive a response.

Regardless of whether or not Iseman and Make Sunsets actually did what they claimed, the alleged stunt drew widespread criticism and concern from scientists and policy experts alike. Though solar geoengineering is a simple enough concept, safe implementation of the theoretical climate change remedy is a complex issue.

Blocking out sunlight via sulfur particles could trigger rapid and significant global shifts in precipitation that could leave some parts of the planet flooded and others arid, according to past research. If not managed properly, solar geoengineering could lead to even more erratic and rapid changes in temperature than we’re currently experiencing under climate change. And the use of sulfur, specifically, would likely damage Earth’s crucial ozone layer.

Then, there’s the geopolitical implications of a country or rogue actor deciding to go ahead and change the stratosphere’s composition without international buy-in.

For all of these reasons and more, it’s probably not in Mexico’s favor to allow this sort of unregulated geoengineering experimentation on its soil. The ministry’s press statement cites a United Nations moratorium on geoengineering that Mexico and nearly 200 other countries (though not the U.S.) agreed to in 2010—as well as the risk of dangerous climactic consequences. “There are enough studies that show that there would be negative and unequal impacts associated with the release of these aerosols,” wrote the environment ministry.

All that said, Iseman’s experiment (if it happened) probably wasn’t enough to impact much of anything. From a scientific perspective, it wasn’t even much of an experiment. The Make Sunsets founder previously told MIT Tech Review that he doesn’t know if the balloons released made it high enough in the atmosphere to distribute their sulfur in the correct place. And Harvard geoengineering researcher David Keith said that such a small amount of particles would likely have no effect on the climate.

Iseman is reportedly disappointed by Mexico’s decision. “I expected and hoped for dialogue,” he told the Wall Street Journal. “I’m surprised by the speed and scope of the response,” he added. Prior to the ban, Make Sunsets indicated it planned to fly three more balloons from Southern Baja this month. Now, that presumably won’t happen. But the perpetual founder isn’t giving up. “One of my dreams is that we could, in some distant future, grow Make Sunsets legally and responsibility,” he said to the WSJ.

And maybe Iseman would have better luck back in the U.S., which hasn’t co-signed any pesky UN agreements to not block out the Sun. In 2022, the Biden Administration announced it’s developing a five-year plan for geoengineering research. If the ~$750,000 in venture capital money that Make Sunsets raised isn’t enough, perhaps in the near future, the company could apply for some federal funding.


written by Justin Calma
Wednesday January 18, 2023

Mexico says it will prohibit experiments with solar geoengineering, a strategy that purports to reverse global warming by reflecting sunlight but is still fraught with concern over other potential consequences that could come with altering Earth’s atmosphere. The move follows controversial attempts by a geoengineering startup to deploy reflective particles into the stratosphere.

The company, called Make Sunsets, conducted the field tests without prior notice or consent from the Mexican government, according to the ban announced late last week by the country’s Secretariat of Environment and Natural Resources. The ban is meant to protect communities and the environment in the absence of any international agreements for how to regulate this kind of experimentation that could have consequences on a planetary scale, the announcement says.

Iseman says he launched two balloons in Baja California last year, each carrying less than 10 grams of sulfur dioxide. That’s a tiny amount of the compound that’s typically released into the air by fossil fuel power plants and volcanoes in much larger quantities — so the release isn’t likely to have had much impact. The test flights were on a small enough scale that Make Sunsets says it simply purchased sulfur and weather balloons on Amazon. And the startup didn’t track the balloons, so it doesn’t know if they even got high enough to bring the sulfur dioxide to its intended destination.

After the announcement from Mexico, future launches are “indefinitely on hold,” Make Sunsets co-founder and CEO Luke Iseman tells The Verge. Iseman says the only reason Make Sunsets released the balloons in Mexico is because that’s where he lived at the time. Looking forward, Iseman says the startup is “particularly excited to work with island nations whose existence is threatened by climate change.” The company is interested in partnering with governments, he says, although there are no such agreements yet in place.

Founded in October 2022, Make Sunsets started with the grandiose vision of releasing enough sulfur dioxide to offset global warming from all the world’s CO2 emissions annually. It’s already selling “cooling credits” for the service at $10 per gram of sulfur dioxide — even though it has yet to achieve any measurable impact and can’t guarantee that releasing sulfur dioxide at a bigger scale wouldn’t trigger any unintended problems.

There are more cautious, albeit still controversial, research efforts into the type of solar geoengineering Make Sunsets is proposing, called stratospheric aerosol injection (SAI). The White House Office of Science and Technology Policy is developing a five-year research plan on solar geoengineering. And scientists are trying to understand all of the potential impacts solar geoengineering could have — whether beneficial or detrimental.

There’s evidence that sulfur dioxide emissions from volcanic eruptions have cooled the planet in the past. But a UN-backed panel of experts recently concluded that SAI “comes with significant risks” and can have “unintended consequences” on the ozone layer after decades of work to repair holes.

“The current state of science is not good enough … to either reject, or to accept, let alone implement” solar geoengineering, executive director of the Carnegie Climate Governance Initiative Janos Pasztor said to MIT Technology Review.

There is a quasi de facto moratorium on large-scale geoengineering that came out of a United Nations biodiversity conference in 2010, but it excludes small-scale scientific research, and other stipulations are still vague. Mexico pointed to that moratorium in its announcement, saying it plans to stop any large-scale geoengineering within its territory.

South China Morning published August 18, 2022: Huge solar farm at Mexico City market being built with 32,000 panels from Communist China.

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