May 4, 2015

NEPAL: Saturday April 25th Catastrophic 7.9 Magnitude Earthquake In Nepal Occurred Because Of Two Converging Tectonic Plates

Very sad to see the #Earthquake in #Nepal my heartfelt condolence for the victims...
Posted by Thagubothu Ramesh Official on Saturday, April 25, 2015
Wow! :o the ground has buckled all over Nepal. These are just a few pics. Nepal apparently sits on a fault line and the two tectonic plates shifted like rubbing two bricks together or better yet, two metal bars together, only on a massive scale.

Nature has a way to humble us into feeling like ants. :/

USA Today
written by Doyle Rice
Wednesday April 29, 2015

Saturday's catastrophic earthquake in Nepal occurred because of two converging tectonic plates: the India plate and the overriding Eurasia plate to the north, the U.S. Geological Survey said.

Tectonic plates are the large, thin, relatively rigid plates that move relative to one another on the outer surface of the Earth.

Plates are always slowly moving, but they get stuck at their edges due to friction. When the stress on the edge overcomes the friction, there is an earthquake that releases energy in waves that travel through the Earth's crust and cause the shaking that we feel.

At the location of Saturday's earthquake, about 50 miles to the northeast of the Nepalese capital of Kathmandu, the India plate is converging with Eurasia at a rate of about 2 inches per year toward the north-northeast, driving the uplift of the Himalayan mountain range.

The quake had a depth of only 7 miles, which is considered shallow in geological terms, the Associated Press reported. The shallower the quake, the more destructive power it carries.

The earthquake was felt as far away as Lahore in Pakistan, which is more than 700 miles away. It was also felt 380 miles away in Lhasa in Tibet, and 400 miles away in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Although a major plate boundary with a history of large- to great-sized earthquakes, large quakes in this area are rare in the documented historical era, the U.S. Geological Survey reports. Over the past century, just four events of magnitude-6.0 or larger have occurred within about 150 miles of Saturday's earthquake.

One, a magnitude-6.9 earthquake in August 1988 about 150 miles to the southeast of Saturday's quake, caused nearly 1,500 fatalities, USGS said.

The largest event, a magnitude-8.0 quake known as the 1934 Nepal-Bihar earthquake, occurred in a similar location to the 1988 quake. It severely damaged Kathmandu, and is thought to have caused around 10,600 deaths.

Only about 15 earthquakes a year in the world — out of 1.3 million total temblors — are magnitude-7.0 or higher, according to the U.S. Geological Survey. The devastating earthquake and resulting tsunami that hit parts of Japan in 2011, killing thousands of people, was magnitude-9.0.

An earthquake's power increases by 10 times with each increase in the number of its scale. This means Saturday's earthquake — the same magnitude as the one that hit San Francisco in 1906 — was 16 times more powerful than the 7.0 quake that devastated Haiti in 2010.

No comments: